Exploring the Different Approaches to Hydrogen Energy in Germany

Exploring the Different Approaches to Hydrogen Energy in Germany

This article discusses the different approaches to hydrogen energy taken by various German states. Hydrogen is an important resource in the energy transition, as it can be used for a variety of purposes, such as industrial production, power plants and vehicles. The states have developed strategies and roadmaps outlining where hydrogen should be used most urgently, with all states focusing on industry and heavy-duty transport. However, each state has different priorities when it comes to producing, using and benefiting from hydrogen. There are four main groups: northern states emphasising their advantages for production; eastern states looking at how hydrogen can help with the structural change in coal regions; southern states looking at developing and producing technology such as electrolysers and fuel cells; western states aiming to reduce emissions in industry. In Germany there are already 60 projects in operation using renewable energy to produce hydrogen, with many more planned or under construction. Hydrogen is no longer just a future possibility – it is being used today – but an accelerated expansion of renewables is needed for climate-neutral production. The German states are key players in this process by providing land for wind and solar energy, funding research and training personnel.

Hydrogen as an Energy Source

Hydrogen is a clean and renewable energy source that can be used to power vehicles, buildings, and other applications. Hydrogen fuel cells produce electricity from the reaction of hydrogen and oxygen, which produces water as a by-product. Hydrogen is one of the most abundant elements in the universe, making it a sustainable energy source for the future. It can be produced from renewable sources such as wind and solar, or from fossil fuels like natural gas. Hydrogen has been used in some vehicles since the late 1990s, but its use is becoming more widespread due to its environmental benefits.
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Picture source: Appolinary Kalashnikova

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